Total Dissolved Solids

Total Dissolved Solids (TDS)

What Is TDS?

TDS stands for total dissolved solids and is a measurement of inorganic and organic substances that are dissolved in water.  Technically speaking , dissolved solids are defined as solids that can be passed through a sieve size of two micrometers. When measuring TDS in drinking water it is typically made up of mostly in-organics such as chloride, sulfate, calcium, magnesium, potassium, carbonates, and bicarbonates.

What Do Results Mean? Is It Regulated?

TDS is regulated under the EPA’s Safe Drinking Water Act as a secondary contaminant at a level of 500 parts per million.  Secondary contaminants are defined as those that cause aesthetic problems like taste, odor, and appearance.  While a high TDS level may not have health implications it is important to determine what is making up the TDS levels.   There are elements such as lead and arsenic which are harmful to your health and can contribute to the TDS levels, but these are typically found in much lower levels. Since TDS does affect the taste, keep in mind that some people prefer water that has some level of TDS.

Testing For TDS

TDS is commonly measured in drinking water as an indicator of general quality. TDS can be measured in two ways: gravimetrically or by electrical conductivity.  The gravimetric method is the more accurate method and involves evaporating the water from the sample and weighing the residue using a precision analytical balance. This method is time consuming and can be inaccurate if the TDS is made up of low boiling point organics which are easily evaporated along with the water.  The electrically conductivity is directly related to the amount of dissolved ionized solids, so measuring the conductivity of the water gives an approximation of the TDS level.

Measuring by conductivity is done using a meter which measures the electrical conductance and will get you within 10 percent of the true TDS level.

Water Treatment Options

TDS can be reduced in a variety of ways depending on what is actually making up the TDS.  The most common ways to remove dissolved solids is through reverse osmosis or distillation. Otherwise, you can utilize treatment options specifically geared toward removing the actual contaminant causing the TDS in the water.

Contact Sanatoga Water Conditioning To Learn More Or To Schedule A Consultation.

The EPA recommends , “enhanced coagulation” as the best available technology for THM control at treatment plants. This involves the removal of precursors and refers to the process of optimizing the filtration process to maximize removal of precursors . Removal of the precursors is improved by decreasing pH (to levels as low as 4 or 5) and increasing the feed rate of coagulants.  Some public water supplies may have switched to ferric coagulants instead of the traditional alum .

For residential applications the best way to remove THMs is by utilizing some kind of carbon-based filtration . This could be a point of use filter, located right at the tap or a whole house system consisting of a couple of carbon tanks .

Contact Sanatoga Water Conditioning To Learn More Or To Schedule A Consultation.

Your Neighbors Love Their Cleaner, Safer, Better Water!

Our dedication to our customers is continually rewarded with referrals and testimonials about our water quality solutions!

"Never disappoints! I've had two water tests conducted on my home. During the most recent John shared his knowledge and expertise on not only the Well tank pump that was in serious need of replacement but also options for my water softener. I never felt pressured to commit to something I didn't need. They made sure I had all the information and let me make a decision based on what made sense for me. Great experience from first call to final product!"

- Frederick S.

"We are new to the area and new to well water. We have used Sanatoga twice now - for routine maintenance and a water softener install. Juan is always on time and very attentive. We feel fortunate we have someone who cares about our house as if it were his own and a company we can count on in the years to come.
Thank you for excellent service!"

- John D.

"We have used Sanatoga Water Conditioning as a residential client as well as for our business customers for several years now. I could not be more happy with the customer service and professionalism that they provide. I always get a cheerful and helpful person on the other end of the line when I call the office, and the technicians who installed our water treatment system were clean, professional and answered all of my questions. I can definitely recommend Sanatoga, 5 Stars."

- Lori N.

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